Let's take a closer look at the structure of these lectures and conversation.
In a lectures, you can expect to hear the following :
- Opening : The teacher or professor will greet the class and announce the topic of the lecture.
- Purpose of the lecture : After stating the topic, the speaker will usually mention the focus of this particular lecture.
- Details and/or Examples : The lecture will usually include several supporting details and/or examples.
- Conclusion : conclusion in the lectures will not always be obvious. Some lectures or talks will end rather abruptly.
- Question and/or comments: During the lecture, a student will often ask a question or make a comment. The answers to these question typically reinforce the speaker's purpose.
- Greeting: The two people talking will first exchange greetings.
- Statement 0f problem/issue: Conversation on the TOEFL typically revolve around a problem or an issue faced by one of the speakers.
- Response: After the problem or issue is raised, one of the speakers will response, usually by making a suggestion to the other.
- Resolution: The conversation will end with some sort of closing or resolution to the problem.
- Identify what the topic is.
- Figure out why the topic is being addressed.
- Note the supporting examples.